What is VitaFiber™ IMO?
BioNeutra produces VitaFiber™ IMO via highly controlled enzyme-catalyzed process transforming starch molecules into functional health molecules of IMO. Our natural manufacturing process controls the glucose chain lengths (also called a degree of polymerization or dp) and the alpha(1-6) linkages to ensure consistent high quality isomalto-oligosaccharide from various starch sources.
The manufacturing process is based upon a natural enzymatic conversion of starch molecules without any chemical modification involved. Therefore, VitaFiber™ IMO is a natural food ingredient.
How is VitaFiber™ IMO made?
BioNeutra produces VitaFiber™ IMO via highly controlled enzyme-catalyzed process transforming starch molecules into IMO. Our natural manufacturing process controls the glucose chain lengths (also called as degree of polymerization or dp) and the alpha(1-6) linkages to ensure consistent high quality isomalto-oligosaccharide from various starch sources.
The manufacturing process does not involve any chemical reaction, chemical additions or chemical modifications. Therefore, VitaFiber™ IMO is considered as a food ingredient.
What is dietary fiber?
Dietary fibers are the indigestible or digestion-resistant portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water, making defecation easier. Soluble fiber undergoes metabolic processing via fermentation, yielding end-products with broad, significant health effects. VitaFiber™ IMO is a dietary fiber because of its resistance to digestion in upper digestive tract.
What is prebiotic?
Prebiotics are a category of functional food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of beneficial bacteria residing in the colon, which consequently contribute to the host health. Numerous scientific studies show that oligosaccharides have a prominent prebiotic effect and thus improve overall digestive health.
What is VitaFiber™ IMO's caloric value?
The caloric value for VitaFiber™ IMO is 2.4 kcal/g which is based upon the published scientific studies regarding digestion-resistant oligosaccharides. VitaFiber™ IMO is a low caloric health sweetener because of the very low content of glucose (<3%) and presence of specific bonding in carbohydrate's structure that is resistant to digestive enzymes in human digestive tract.
How sweet is VitaFiber™ IMO in relation to sugar?
Both syrup and powder form of VitaFiber™ IMO exhibit light sweet taste with sweetness compared to sugar (sucrose) ~50-60%. It is in essence a low calorie, low intensity sweetener as well as dietary fiber.
Is VitaFiber™ IMO a high intensity sweetener?
No, being that it is only 50-60% as sweet as sucrose, it is not. Its main benefit in formulations is that it is a dietary fiber that also offers a low level of sweetness. However it can be blended with high intensity sweeteners, such as stevia or citrus extracts, etc. to give the desired sweetness.
How can VitaFiber™ IMO replace sugar?
Given its bulk density being similar to sugar VitaFiber™ IMO works as a 1:1 replacement in baked goods with only the need to increase sweetness. This can be done by using high intensity sweeteners or adding in "visual" sweeteners such as more chocolate chips to assist in product differentiation.
What is the fiber content of VitaFiber™ IMO?
VitaFiber™ IMO is a mixture of digestion resistant carbohydrates which comprise 90% (dp 2 - dp 9) of IMO content. Scientific studies showed that IMO exhibit physiological effects of dietary fiber. Based upon the fiber definition by AOAC, IMO is defined as Dietary Fiber.
Does VitaFiber™ IMO cause any gastric upset?
According to the FDA-GRAS document, IMO is proposed for use at use-levels of up to 15 grams per (self affir40gm/day). Moreover, the published scientific studies suggested that IMO with 35-40g/day won't produce any gastric distention. IMO is much more tolerated in higher doses in comparison to FOS, GOS and inulin.
How can VitaFiber™ IMO benefit other food products?
Recent research suggests that as much as 30-35 grams of fiber a day is needed to help reduce the risk of chronic disease, including heart disease. In North America, obesity is one of the major health issues because it puts individuals at risk for diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia and many other chronic disorders. In turn, weight management is clearly an important goal for many North American adults.
The majority of carbohydrate chains, oligosaccharides, found in VitaFiber™ IMO consists of 3 to 9 glucose units linked together by alpha(1-6) linkages that are resistant toward human digestive enzymes, therefore, providing a low calorie, dietary fiber functionality thus making IMO a perfect fit for healthy diet and weight management.
Is VitaFiber™ IMO stable in food products?
Yes, our in-house studies have confirmed that VitaFiber™ IMO is stable at the pH range of 2-9 for an extended period of time, which makes it an excellent candidate for addition into beverages. Also, VitaFiber™ IMO is stable at baking temperatures (160-180°C). Cooking temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit as well as Centigrade.
Which food industries could potentially use VitaFiber™ IMO?
VitaFiber™ IMO can be used in a variety of consumer food products under the health food category and can be promoted as a safe, new, and trendy health food product. For example, VitaFiber™ IMO can be used in variety of packaged goods such as beverages, candies, chocolates and sweets, sports energy bars, confectionary products, milk products, various desserts and it can also be used as an ingredient at home.
What scientific studies have been conducted regarding oligosaccharides?
Scientific studies indicate that IMOs help improve gut function and exhibit laxative effects. Fermentation of IMOs have been found to support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria in the colon. Fermentation also results in the production of short chain fatty acids that have been found to confer many physiological benefits to the host including: protection from colon cancer, stabilize blood glucose levels, suppresses cholesterol synthesis, lowers colonic pH thus increasing absorption of dietary minerals and stimulates immune protection.